Cyber Deterrence: An Oxymoron for Years to Come

The lack of empirical evidence of cyber warfare between states makes deterrence theorizing nearly impossible Western states largely renounced the concepts of defense and deterrence after the end of the Cold War. Instead, Western powers focused on expeditionary warfare—military crisis… Continue Reading →

Stoltenberg: “Russia now has a last chance”

On Tuesday, NATO Foreign Ministers agreed that Russia has developed and fielded a new ground-launched cruise missile system – the SSC-8, or 9M729 – which violates the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty. Allies expressed firm commitment to preserving effective international… Continue Reading →

Preparing for Urban Combat in Megacities is a Strategic-level Folly!

Lessons learned from past military operations during the last two decades highlight the difficulties of reaching meaningful political outcomes with the use of military force. Operations in Afghanistan, Iraq and Libya are prime examples of this. Still, many Western states… Continue Reading →

New submarines for Norway and Germany

The procurement agencies, Norwegian Defence Materiel Agency (NDMA) in Norway and Bundesamt für Ausrüstnung, Informationstechnik und Nutzung der Bundeswehr (BAAINBw) in Germany, received the binding offer from the main supplier on the 30th of October 2018, and has begun a… Continue Reading →

Complete Target Audience Analysis: Triggering the Unconscious to Counter Insurgencies

How is it possible to adhere to the ancient admonishment to “know your enemy” when one’s enemies only partially know themselves? Identities, like the narratives that shape them, are largely unconscious. The serious omissions in the way target audience information… Continue Reading →

Defending the Nordic neighbourhood

  A serious security crisis in the Nordic region would affect all the Nordic countries. That is why Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark and Iceland are conducting more military exercises together. By Ministers of Defence: Frank Bakke-Jensen (Norway), Claus Hjort Frederiksen… Continue Reading →

Russia Does Not Have an A2/AD-strategy!

Russia Does Not Have an A2/AD-strategy! Nor does it have a Gerasimov doctrine  Russia’s “Anti-Access/Area Denial strategy” (A2/AD-strategy) has caught a lot of scholarly attention during the last few years (examples here, here, here, here and here). In addition, A2/AD… Continue Reading →

Book Review:  Introduction to Narrative Warfare – A Primer and Study Guide

Narrative Strategies (NS), a US based think/ do tank has recently released its latest publication on narrative and its critical role in influence. In fact, it specifically addresses the topic of Narrative Warfare, a term coined by Dr. Ajit Maan,… Continue Reading →

The Evolution of the Global SOF Enterprise from a Partner Perspective

  Introduction: Military leaders of all branches and departments confront foreign policy on behalf of their governments, developing capacities and resilience to win the current fight against an adversary that in many cases is unknown or has a complex leadership… Continue Reading →

Obsessed With War – How Western States Lost their Strategic Edge

This article (edited, shorter version) was first published by the National Interest on 8 September 2018 titled “Big War Is Back”  https://nationalinterest.org/feature/big-war-back-30802   The Berlin Wall fell and the Cold War came to an abrupt end almost 30 years ago…. Continue Reading →

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